Wuyi is a 60-square-kilometer mountain range in northern Fujian on the border of Jiangxi. Since 1999 the area on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, both because of its spectacular scenery and culture. The area is also famous for its many teas, the most famous is the Wuyi oolong tea and Lapsang Souchong. About 500 tons of oolong produced in Wuyi every year.
Mountains in the western part of Wuyi is of volcanic origin and the result of severe erosion, both from the weather and rivers, mountains have been formed into a dramatic landscape with freestanding cliffs, caves and deep valleys. The eastern part consists of a red sandstone formed a very steep cliff sides with flat tops. The highest mountain in Wuyi Huang Gang, which with its 2158 meters is the highest point in Fujian.
Mountains of Wuyi prevents the cold air from the northwest to pass. This means that the hot and humid air from the ocean can linger over the area for much of the year. The humidity is often very high, between 80 and 85%, rain abundant with 2200 mm in the south and up to 3200 mm in the northern parts of the area, and fog is common. The temperature varies between 12 and 18 degrees. Since 2005 there is a weather station that monitors the amount of air pollution and to be China’s air is exceptionally clean.
The earliest archaeological findings in the area is around 4000 years old. Tea has been cultivated in Wuyi of about 1000 years, and from the 1200s until the 1600s the Emperor had government officials stationed in the region with the task of monitoring the tea production.