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Nilgiri

Nilgiri

  • Author: Max Tillberg
  • Date Posted: Aug 23, 2015
  • Category:
  • Address: Nilgiris District, India

Nilgiri tea is grown in the hills of the Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu, though there are numerous other tea-growing districts in South India as well, including Munnar and Central Travancore, further south in Kerala state.

Plantations only account for around 30% of tea production in Nilgiri District. The vast majority of production is undertaken by small growers, who typically own less than one hectare each. The majority of Nilgiri tea small growers are the Badagas, a local community of agriculturists.

Tea plantations in Nilgiri District (as in other growing districts of India) typically own and operate their own processing factories. Small growers sell their tea as green leaf to “bought leaf factories”, which are independently owned. Although in recent years, some plantation factories have started buying green leaf from small growers. After processing, which converts the green leaf into ‘made tea’, most is sold through regularly scheduled auctions in Coonoor, Coimbatore and Kochi. More than 50% of Nilgiri tea is exported, and usually finds its way into blends used for tea bags. Data is unreliable on the precise proportion of Nilgiri tea that is actually exported. However, Neilson and Pritchard (op cit) suggest that at least 70% of South Indian tea is exported, and the Nilgiris constitutes more than half of all South Indian production.

The expensive hand-sorted, full-leaf versions of the tea like the Orange Pekoe (O.P.) are highly sought after at international auctions making it unaffordable for most locals. In November 2006 a Nilgiri Tea achieved “Top Honours” and fetched a world record price of $600 per kg. This was at the first ever tea auction held in Las Vegas. A machine-sorted, lower-cost variety of high quality tea is a semi-full leaf variety known as Broken Orange Pekoe (BOP). However, most production occurs via the Crush, Tear, Curl or CTC process of manufacture. The strong flavours of Nilgiri tea make it useful for blending purposes. At the same time, Nilgiri tea has suffered from poor reputation associated with its erstwhile reliance on sales to the former USSR. In the 1990s the collapse of this trading partner triggered a substantial economic downslide in the Nilgiris district. In recent years the Tea Board of India has charged some producers of Nilgiri tea with fraudulently adulterating their product, and has closed some Bought Leaf Factories due to non-compliance with food safety regulations. Also with a view to improving product quality, the United Planters Association of South India and the Tea Board of India have instigated programs to change cultivation and harvest practices among small growers.

Tea estates

NameCompanyArea Planted [Ha]Grant Area [Ha]Revenue DistrictSub DivisionPlantation District
Adar Tea EstateM/S. Adar Tea Produce Co. Ltd50.5950.59NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Ambal Tea EstateShri N. Nagesh13.1516NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Ambigavalley Tea EstateShri L.C. Orabhu Rajan15.0637.23NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Attikunna Tea EstateM/S Parry Agro Industries Ltd.327.5913.04NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Balada Tea EstateT. Gundar & Sons.57.6857.68NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Barwood Tea EstateBarwood Estate8585NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Bengorm Tea EstateBen Gorm Tea Factory157.25168.87NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Benkal Tea EstateSmt. S. Kampadevamma & Co.11.6111.61NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Bernside Tea EstateSmt. E.R. Wapshare & Co.24.2424.24NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Bhavani Tea EstateNeelamalai Agro Industries Ltd.122.89147.6NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Bigany Tea EstateP. Gujja Gowder & Co.9.6710.07NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Bijaya Tea EstateH.Joghee Gowder & Sons.18.8221NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Billimalai Tea EstateBillimala Estate39.439.4NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Bilvedere Tea EstateVasanthasagar Pandiaraj & Co.8.899.02NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Bitherkadu Tea EstateWoodbriar Estate Ltd.54.5184.99NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Blossom Tea EstateBalvinder Singh & Co.9.319.31NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Bowerland Tea EstateFarm Tea Estate Syndicate20.2625.28NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Brooklands Tea EstateKothari Industrial Corporation Ltd.5454NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Buchana Tea EstateTeherally & Bros.28.4528.45NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Burnside Tea EstateSouthern Tree Farms Ltd.166.91225.38NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
C.T.A. Tea EstateC.T. Alvikutty & K. Pathuma Ltd.10.1210.12NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Carolina Tea EstateMeenakshi Ammal Krishnan97.9897.98NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Caroline Tea EstateParry Agro Industries Ltd.260.25562.77NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Cedara Tea EstatePatel Brothers7.489.48NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Chamraj Tea EstateUnited Nilgiri Tea Estates Co. Ltd814.221478.22NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Chandra Tea EstateShri H. Joghiah9.939.93NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Cherambadi Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited342.08390.46NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Cherangode Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited393.95393.95NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Chordia Plantation Tea EstateSmt. A. Anichi Bai,8.468.46NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Cleveland Tea EstateSmt. Pakkiammal & Co.22.2622.26NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Clyffee Tea EstateA.Kesavan & Co.27.7927.79NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Colacumby Tea EstateColacumby Tea Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd.16.1621.62NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Coonoor Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited201.74216.61NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Coonoor Tea EstateThe Coonoor Tea Estates Co.Ltd.151.33173.63NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Corsley Tea EstateCorsley Estate Syndicate.22.7427.37NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Craigmore Tea EstateCraigmore Plantations (India) Pvt.Ltd.704.01931.59NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Curzon Tea EstateCurzon Nilgiri Plantations Co.133.07305.8NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Davershola Tea EstateThiashola Plantations Private Limited356.751490.53NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Deva Tea EstateDeva Tea Factory & Plantations (P) Ltd.8.098.09NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Devala Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited323.68443.94NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Devala Tea EstateShri O.M. Lingappa10.1310.13NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Devashola Tea EstateNilgiri Agro Agencies Pvt. Ltd.143.52171.18NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Devon Tea EatateHindustan Unilever Limited209.43757.49NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Doddabelta Tea EstateDoddabelta Tea Plantations32.3532.35NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Doddabetta Upper Tea EstateUpper Doddabetta Tea Estate32.3532.35NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Downington Tea EstateStanes Amalgamated Estates Ltd36.1672NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Dunsandletea EstateThe Bombay Burmah Trading Corpn. Ltd164250.78NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Eagerkand Tea EstateD.N. Rangaswamy10.1210.12NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Emerald Valley Tea EstateAlan Firm.80.1880.18NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Empress Tea EstateShri B. Raju Bettan13.8413.84NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Encenada Tea EstateB. Nandhi Gouder14.8314.83NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Erinkadu Tea EstateGolden Hills Estates Pvt Ltd.86.8186.81NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Farm Tea EstateFarm Tea Estate Syndicate35.7536.2NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Farview Tea EstateD.B. Henderson11.2111.21NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Forest Hill Tea EstateKesaria Nilgiri Hills Tea Plantations42.7961.18NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Gaikandi Tea EstateSmt. J. Rukkiammal16.5116.51NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Gandhikandy Tea EstateSri S.K. Donraj16.5116.51NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Garswood Tea EstateNew Garswood Estate63.1463.14NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Gavipara/ Nalini Tea EstateElixir Plantations Pvt. Ltd.9.79.7NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Geetha Plantations Tea EstateSri N. Ramalingiah8.548.54NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Glenbrun Tea EstateGlenburn Estates & Enterprises (P) Ltd.60.7160.71NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Glenburnie Tea EstateKothari Industrial Corporation Ltd.78.14216.14NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Glendale Tea EstateGlenworth Estate Ltd.338.84465NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Glenmorgan Tea EstasteGlenmorgan Tea Estates Co.179.21282.77NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Glenrock Tea EstateGlenrock Estates Pvt. Ltd.32.37187.4NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Glenvans Tea EstateManjushree Plantations Ltd.238.353045.14NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Golden Tip Tea EstateGolden Hills Estates Pvt Ltd.36.3736.37NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Goodwill Tea EstateFarm Tea Estate Syndicate16.1821.68NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Green Forest Tea EstateShri O.M. Lingappa10.4110.41NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Halgundu Tea EstateShri B. Krishnan17.6417.64NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Halkad Tea EstateShri Y.L. Lingappa9.029.02NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Hallacarry Tea EstateShri N. Boriah16.6716.67NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
High Clyffee Tea EstateShri P.C. Mathew12.7212.72NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Highfield Tea EstateSwamy & Swamy Plantation(P)Ltd21.8623.03NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Hill Top Tea EstateSri O. M. Lingappa10.4810.48NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Hill View Tea EstateSri L. Nanjiah25.7225.72NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Homelia Tea EstateShri Premsagar Pandiaraj9.149.26NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Hubbathalai Tea EstateSmt. S. Kempa Devamma15.7215.72NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Ibex Lodge Tea FactoryThe Nonsuch Tea Estate Ltd.356.24427.5NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Ithalaar Tea EstateK.N. Bellie & Bros.12.2512.25NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Jayalakshmi Tea EstateJayalakshmi Estate11.9811.98NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
K. Mariyaye Tea EstateMrs. K. Mariyayee14.614.6NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
K. Sanmugamathan Tea EstateDr. K. Shanmuganathan14.9414.94NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Kairbetta Tea EstateKairbetta Estates Syndicate128.7147.42NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Kalleri Tea EstateThai Plantations Ltd.31.1642.9NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Kampola Tea EstateShri E.J.Nanjan8.268.26NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Kannahatty Tea EstateJ.Raman & Others.19.3126.21NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Kanthi Plantations Tea EstateHighfield (Nilgiri) Tea Plantations8.378.37NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Kasolai Valley Tea EstateShri B. Raju Bettan34.4734.47NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Katary Tea EstateNeelamalai Agro Industries Ltd.250.73382.32NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Kil-Kotagiri Tea EstateKil-Kotagiri Tea & Coffee Estate Ltd471.05811.97NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Kilmelfort Tea EstateKesaria Nilgiri Hills Tea Plantations77.398.2NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Kodanad Tea EstateKodanad Tea Estates Co.287.55389.79NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Kodaneri Tea EstateSri Chunchiah16.1916.19NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Kodimalai Tea EstateMs Seethi Ammal.11.2811.28NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Kolappalli Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited343.65416.3NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Kolipatty Tea EstateKolipatty Estate32.7332.73NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Kotada Tea EstateStanes Amalgamated Estates Ltd319.7456.5NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Kotagiri Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited205.6213.29NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Kumarappa Plantations Tea EstateShri A. Kumarappan,20.5298.45NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Kumari Trust Tea EstateDr. K. Shanmuganathan13.4615.48NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Kurunberbetta Tea EstateShri K.P. Madhavan Nair45.2745.27NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Kusumam Tea EstateKusumam Tea Plantations38.5138.51NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Lakshmi Vilas Tea EstateSri R. Gangadaran10.510.5NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Liddellsdale Tea EstateThe Karumbalam Indust. Co. Op Fy. Ltd441.42819.15NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Lower Pilloor Tea EstateShri B. Raju Bettan27.7527.75NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Mailoor Tea EstateNilgiri Tea Estates Ltd.208.1296.86NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Malini Plantations Tea EstateDr. N. Kappinipathy8.388.38NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Mallanoor Tea EstateJanab J.A. Rahiman Sait18.0118.01NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Mallykandy Tea EstateSri H.R. Gopalakrishnan.8.348.34NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Manar/Tudor ValleyManar Estates Ltd42.53150.8NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Manavari Tea EstateShri Raman11.411.4NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Mani Tea EstateShri S.S.P. Subramanium Chettiar9.719.71NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Manjoor Tea EstateShri B.K. Linga Gouder24.2824.28NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Marapalam Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited350.4509.69NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Maria Pillai Tea EstateShri V. N. Maria Pillai14.3714.37NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Masikadu Tea EstateA.M. Sait16.0817.9NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Mayfield Tea EstateHarrisons Malayalam Ltd308.25806.9NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Moutere Tea EstateWarwick Estates Syndicate.71.2973.22NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Nadagudu Tea EstateShri H.B. Devaraj11.3711.37NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Nadukani Tea EstateNadukani Plantations Ltd.32.37130.2NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Nanjundeswara Tea EstateNanjundeswara Estate8.511.94NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Nedugulla Tea EstateMr. C.Henderson (Trustee)10.4910.49NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Nelligalam Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited334.47334.99NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Nellimund Tea EstasteShri K.S. Matha Gouder8.78.7NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Nelliyalam Tea EstateTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited23.0523.05NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
New Hope Tea EstateManjushree Plantations Ltd.298.853461.22NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Nihung Tea EstateSardar Rajinder Singh15.2315.23NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Nilgiri Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited565.25565.25NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Nilgiri Tea EstateMr. N. Ramachandran209.44304.58IdukkiPeermadeIdukki
Nirmala Plantations Tea EstateShri N. Chunchiah8.288.28NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Nonsuch Tea EstateThe Nonsuch Tea Estate Ltd.355.14427.5NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Onikandy Tea EstateShri K.M. Kulla Gouder11.0411.04NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Palaniappa Tea EstateDunshola (Nilgiri) Tea Estates Co. Ltd.63.64126.84NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Palmyrah Tea EstateInlac Shipping Company Ltd9.319.31NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Panchura Tea EstatePanchura Estate Limited22.26201.3NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Pandiar Tea DivisionTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited238.96276.53NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Parkglen Tea EstateParkglen Estate19.5819.58NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Parkside Tea EstateThe Coonoor Tea Estates Co.Ltd.249.19288.46NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Periashola Tea EstatePanchura Estate Limited106.71245.61NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Prospect Tea EstateMahavir Plantations Ltd.384.43614.64NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Quinshola Tea EstateTamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited205.6213.23NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
R.V. Tea EstateD. Natarajan57.2857.28NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Rain Guage Tea EstateDr. N. Basuviah12.612.6NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Raja Tea EstateShri B. Raju Bettan12.2512.25NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Red Hill Tea EstateRed Hill Estate54.7588.34NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Richmond Park Tea EstateShri S. Rajender Singh13.0913.09NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Rob Roy Tea EstateKothagiri Rob Roy Tea Estates Ltd.,82.9982.99NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Rock Hill Tea EstateShri A.S. Manir9.519.51NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Rockwood Tea EstateHindustan Unilever Limited432.95877.04NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Rohinee Tea EstateShri S.M.Mahammed Gani & Co99NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Rousdon Mullai Tea EstateRousdonmullai Tea Estates Pvt. Ltd.122.16359.01NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Royal Valley Tea EstateSampath Tea Industries (P) Ltd.110.54185.75NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
S. Kalpana Investments Tea EstateS. Kalpana Investments (P) Ltd.13.9118.85NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
S. Kumarasamy Te EstateMaster S. Kumarasamy14.8415.88NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Sansauci Tea EstateM/S. Sansauci Estate11.1911.19NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Seaforth Tea EstateMahavir Plantations Ltd.274.791034.37NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Selada Tea EstateShri M.K. Bheema Gouder18.6418.64NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Shangkalpam Tea EstateShankalpam T.E. (Pvt) Ltd.14.4215.29NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Shri Meenakshi Tea EstateShri K.M. Kashi M.A520.63NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Silver Cloud Tea EstateSilver Cloud Tea Estates (P) Ltd.71.68104NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Singara Tea EstateSingara Nilgiri Plantations Co.120.75234.18NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Sockaraj Tea EstateK.Rengai Gowder19.1119.11NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Solai Malai Tea EstateShri S.S.P. Subramanium Chettiar9.7112.24NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Stagbrook Tea EstateNilgiri Tea Estates Ltd.259.19350.12IdukkiPeermadeIdukki
Strathern Tea EstateParry Agro Industries Ltd.304.54631.88NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Sudarsana Tea EstateSudarsana Estate Private Ltd.10.1210.12NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Sultana Tea EstateDevashola (Nilgiri) Tea Estates Co, Ltd52.41135.61NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Suragamy Vally Tea EstateSri B. Nanjundiah9.949.94NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Surrey Tea EstateShri S.V. Pappu Chettiar20.2320.23NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Susisthra Tea EstateSmt. V. Susithra Devi14.5514.55NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Sussex Group Tea EstateWoodbriar Estate Ltd.196.9532.69NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Sutton Tea EstateNeelamalai Agro Industries Ltd.194.82206.2NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Swami Ramakrishna GardensS. Krishnamoorthy11.3311.33NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Teesta Tata Tea EstateShri Robinder Singh12.5412.54NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Terrace Tea EstateUnited Plantations Ltd.,238.71238.71NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Terramia Tea EstateEdassery'S Terramia Tea Factory230.02264.34NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Thaniakandy Tea EstateShri K.B. Raman11.9411.94NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Thawaikuli Tea EstateShri Y.L. Lingappa8.368.36NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Thiashola Tea EstateThiashola Plantations Private Limited188.13270.03NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Tuttapullam Tea EstateTuttapullam Estate198.24198.24NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Udayagiri Tea EstateSri K. Gopalakrishnan46.7647.81NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Wakefield Tea EstateWakefield Tea Estate.36.9636.96NilgirisOotacamundNilgiri
Warwick Tea EstateWarwick Estates Syndicate.60.8460.84NilgirisKotagiriNilgiri
Welbeek Tea EstateStanes Amalgamated Estates Ltd104.81150.17NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Wentworth Tea EstateHarrisons Malayalam Ltd610.681361.49NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Venus Tea EstateShri L. Srikantiah25.5725.57NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Visalakshi Tea EstateVisalakshi Estate.38.4560.84NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Woodbriar Tea EstateWoodbriar Estate Ltd.162.26343.03NilgirisGudalurNilgiri
Woodcote Dn. I Tea EstateShri B. Raju Bettan9.719.71NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Woodlands Tea EstateCraigmore Plantations (India) Pvt.Ltd.931.59931.59NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri
Woodlees Tea EstateWoodless Tea Estate Private Ltd25.2828NilgirisCoonoorNilgiri

Source: Wikipedia

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