This is one of China’s most famous green teas and the most popular of all, Mao Feng. The tea is grown around the mountain range, Huangshan 黄山, an incredibly beautiful mountainous area in southwestern Anhui that is home to many wonderful teas. The tea is known for its fruity taste, its curved appearance, and that it is possible to bridge many times.
Varieties and qualities
Because of its great popularity, there are a variety of companies and small farmers who produce this tea, which is easy to quite a large variation in the manufacturing and qualities. In the early 1990s produced thousands tonnes (1). The tea is grown in a fairly large area, a lot of manufactured items in Qimen (2) but the finest considered to come from Yungu Temple 云谷寺 (map position), Songgu Nunnery, Diaoqiao Nunnery, Ciguang Give 慈光阁 and Hillside Temple at an altitude of about 1200 meters above sea level.
Previously classified tea into four groups, 1, 2, 3, and Special but nowadays sometimes used the term “super fine” tea grown in the mountains at an altitude of over 700 m above sea level. Qingming crop harvested in early April is also sold as a special quality. I have also seen that the name Teji used to indicate that there is a genuine Huang Shan Mao Feng of high quality.
To be reasonably sure that the tea you drink is of good quality can study leaves. A good tea will consist of leaves with the same look, they will be pointed and covered with little fluff. Really good Huang Shan Mao Feng consists only of a leaf and a leaf bud.
Originally the tea is told to come from a deep valley, Fuxi (1). The tea was developed around 1875 by a successful tea merchants, Xie Zhengan. He had inherited a tea company, Xieyutai, which passed in the family for many generations and with the tremendous success he had with Huang Shan Mao Feng, he became the richest in the neighborhood and was also able to open nine stores across China. Later, the company went down because of a trade embargo, and the son’s opium addiction but has now resurfaced as a modern company, Huangshan Xieyuda Tea Co. Ltd., which still produces tea of excellent quality (1). Today the company is run by Xie Yi Ping that are relative to Xie Zhengan (3).
Huang Shan Mao Feng was of course not the first tea grown in these areas. Already during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Jiang Chengyun wrote “Yunwu tea from Huangshan grows on the peaks of Huangshan covered by the rising clouds and enriched by fog and dew. There are tea treas, more than one hundred years old, which gives off a sweet and elegant flavor and divine fragrance. Such tea can be called the finest. Another tea sort of Huangshan called Cuiyu, grow in deep valleys are green with strong fragrance. Not as fragrant as Yunwu but better than Songluo. (2)
In a document called “Chronicle of Huangshan” you can read “tea trees growing between the rocks near the Lotus Temple, with a light fragrance and cool flavor and called Huangshan Yunwu … monks on Mount grow Yunwu tea with a light fragrance and cool flavor, far better Kuanglu tea.” (2)
From these documents it is believed because Huangshan Yunwu is a precursor to Huang Shan Mao Feng.
The tea is picked by hand in the spring, usually in the morning. After having been sorted it may wither down. The first fixation takes place in a 150 to 180 degrees hot pan to cool somewhat during the time you work with the leaves. How many leaves that are heated at the same time varies somewhat but it is usually between 2.5 and 5 hg. For frying or roasting the leaves without burning them, you have to deal with them all the time, and this entire step takes between three and four minutes. After this the leaves are shaped by hand in a hot pan or wok. This is done by hand and is a combination of kneading and rolling. Finally the leaves are dried in an ovens with a temperature initially of 90 degrees and then cooled to 60 degrees. This takes place in two stages and the leaves to rest for between 30 and 40 minutes between the two stages (2).
1. Amazing Green Tea
2. Hudong which is also the source.
The depicted tea is from TeaSpring harvested in 2010, which cost $ 7.6 to 25 grams. The tea is produced by Huangshan Xieyuda Tea Co. Ltd. and is from Fuxi. The rating applies to this tea.